30 Guangxi province canceled the agricultural accounts of life will change what-www.youjizz.com/

Guangxi and other 30 provinces to cancel agricultural Hukou life will change what experts interpret agricultural Hukou and non-agricultural household accounts each have their own rights and interests? Population experts, Peking University sociology professor Lu Jiehua said, agriculture accounts for rights, is the main homestead and responsibility cropland, especially in the process of the city, through the demolition, you can get more revenue; non agricultural household rights is mainly dependent on the household registration on some social welfare, including education, health care, employment insurance, housing, etc.. Some benefits are obvious differences, Lu Jiehua said, such as pensions, non-agricultural accounts are more than agricultural accounts. In addition to medical insurance, the insured agricultural accounts generally only Paul NCMS serious illness, but the residents and workers health insurance, not only hospitalization may be reimbursed, the clinic can be reimbursed, the reimbursement of medical expenses and retirement benefits. "There are some invisible benefits," Lu Jiehua said, such as education, seemingly equal, but non agriculture accounts can enjoy a better quality of education, health care resources city also significantly richer, better quality. Is it necessary to give up homestead and responsible farmland to abolish agricultural Hukou? "This is not necessarily," said Lu Jiehua, the household registration reform has a different path, even give up the land, it should not be like the past simple given cash compensation must be in social security, between basic public services and the city residents of the gap, otherwise only to the house, money, benefits have yet to catch up, farmers not willing to. A lot of people think that farmers lost their identity and lost their land, and that’s not the case, says Professor bamboo, a professor at National School of Administration. The system of residents is not to deprive the peasants of their property, but to give them equal status and equal treatment. "The household is not into non-agricultural household, nor the past concept of city hukou, bamboo house said, but stressed that in the territory, is equal to the identity. Now, what is the enthusiasm of farmers turning to non? Lu Jiehua said, from a practical point of view, especially Beijing rural farmers do not want to. A lot of people to the town to work, including college students to the University in the city, are not willing to move accounts, just because I think the homestead farmers and responsibility cropland inherent advantages, not equal rights, so do not want to give up. "The reform of the household registration system, it is important to urban and rural welfare can converge," Lu Jiehua said, not the farmers into household residents, for a "vest" on the line, it is important that this "vest" can bring what. "This is actually the expectation in their process, he what to expect, this is the next step of reform concern." Lu Jiehua said, of course, the interests of farmers can not be unlimited demands, the government and farmers to seek a reasonable path, the interests of compensation should be equal. What changes will be brought to the farmers by changing resident accounts? "First of all, this is a good policy." Bamboo home said that the abolition of urban and rural household registration of two yuan, unified into the residents system, is a major progress in the reform of the housing system. He said, in the past, urban and rural public services vary greatly, the abolition of urban and rural household registration system to change the residents system, the most important purpose is to report

广西等30个省取消农业户口 生活将有什么变化   专家解读   农业户口和非农业户口各自有哪些权益?   人口专家、北京大学社会学系教授陆杰华说,农业户口的权益,主要是宅基地和责任田,特别是在城市化过程中,通过拆迁,可以获得更多的收益;非农业户口的权益主要是依附在户籍上的一些社会福利,包括教育、医疗、就业、保险、住房等方面。   有些福利是明显可以看出差别的,陆杰华说,比如养老金,非农业户口就要比农业户口多。   另外医疗保险,农业户口参保的新农合一般只保大病,但居民和职工的医疗保险,不但住院可以报销,门诊看病也可以报销,退休后还有各项医疗费报销待遇。   “还有一些隐形福利”,陆杰华说,比如教育,看似平等,但非农业户口,可以享受更优质的教育,医疗资源城市也明显更丰富,质量更优。   取消农业户口是否要放弃宅基地和责任田?   “这个不一定,”陆杰华说,户籍改革有不同路径,即使放弃土地,也不应该像过去那样简单的给予现金补偿,肯定要在社保、在基本公共服务上拉近和城里居民的差距,否则仅仅给房子、给钱,福利待遇却没有跟上,农民也不会愿意。   国家行政学院教授竹立家表示,现在好多人认为农民失了身份就会失地,其实不是这样。居民制度不是剥夺农民的财产,而是给予农民平等的身份,平等的待遇。   “居民户口既不是变成非农户口,也不是过去概念的城市户口”,竹立家说,而是强调在国土范围内,都是平等的身份。   现在农民转非的积极性怎样?   陆杰华说,从现实来看,尤其北京的农民不愿意农转非。好多人到城镇打工,包括大学生到城市里上大学,都不愿意迁户口,就是因为觉得宅基地和责任田是农民固有的优势,没有对等的权益补充,所以不愿意放弃。   “户籍制度的改革,重要的是城乡的福利能否逐渐趋同”,陆杰华说,不是把农民户籍改成居民,换一个“马夹”就行了,很重要的是这个“马夹”能带来什么。   “这其实就是农民在农转非过程中的期望,他期望得到什么,这是下步改革需要关注的。”陆杰华说,当然农民的利益诉求不可能无限制的,政府和农民要寻求一种合理路径,利益的补偿要对等。   转为居民户口将给农民带来哪些改变?   “首先应该明确的,这是一个好政策。”竹立家说,取消城乡二元户籍,统一变成居民制度,是居住制度改革的重大进步。   他说,过去城乡公共服务差异很大,取消城乡户籍制度变居民制度,其中最重要目的就是推进公共服务均等化,这对农民来说,是有益的。   其次,取消城乡户籍制度,对于将来社会保障的统一,包括对农村贫困户的扶持,对农民退休后的保障,都是基础。   竹立家说,以后随着社会保障制度的完善、医疗制度的完善、教育均等化的完善,农民不一定愿意固守土地,很多人会到城里生活,特别是二代、三代,不愿意待在农村。而城里人退休后,愿意到农村去,也可以去。   随着户籍制度改革的推进,土地制度的改革也要推进,农村的房地产交易也将逐步推开,进入市场,城里人也可以去农场买房置地。城乡之间的合理流动,无论是城里人,还是农村人,都能从中获益。   |编辑:雷璐源   |鸣谢:新华网、新京报、经济日报相关的主题文章: