Governance haze Du enterprise to duzheng win7codecs

Governance haze Du enterprise "to" Duzheng "[Abstract] earlier this month, the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region and Northeast China once again suffered heavy haze, the environmental protection department sent 12 inspection teams to carry out supervision and inspection of heavy pollution area. In consideration of the government in social functioning in a dominant position, stressed the government’s environmental responsibility will undoubtedly seize the environmental protection work at this stage of the bid earlier this month, the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region and Northeast China once again suffered heavy haze, the environmental protection department sent 12 inspection teams to carry out supervision and inspection of heavy pollution area. Inspection found that part of the "elevated source" enterprises are still in the discharge of pollutants exceed the standard part of the city, the heavy pollution weather emergency plan emission reduction measures are not implemented, some "small" business group of outstanding environmental problems. This shows that the governance of haze is not only to "supervise enterprises", but also "govern politics"". There is no doubt that the sewage enterprises as a direct emissions of pollution sources, environmental deterioration in the quality of the primary responsibility, the responsibility can not be denied, not shirk. Over the past more than 10 years, China’s environmental protection policies and legislation, strengthening the main responsibility of enterprises, the cost of environmental law enterprises greatly improved, completely changed the previous illegal corporate environmental weak state. For law enforcement officials, the means of supervising enterprises are rich and varied. Can the illegal enterprises to "not capped" astronomical fines, and can be responsible for administrative detention; not only through the "limited production cut to the production behavior to take coercive measures, but also through the" seizure "of enterprise equipment and facilities coercive measures; illegal enterprises can request compensation the huge loss of ecological environment, and can start the criminal procedure of punishing offenders. It is in this context, the Ministry of environmental protection to the new environmental law implementation as an opportunity to set off unprecedented environmental law enforcement storm. According to the report of the NPC Standing Committee law enforcement inspection group to check on the "People’s Republic of China environmental protection law" the implementation of the disclosure of the data: in 2015, the environmental protection departments at all levels of a fine of more than 4 billion 250 million yuan, an increase of 34% over 2014; 2015 cracked a total of environmental pollution crime cases since 6035, more than 16% growth in 2014. Objectively, the main responsibility of the enterprise is gradually improved on the level of rule, only the strict implementation and implementation in practice. To fulfill the main responsibility of the enterprise, it is necessary to emphasize the government’s responsibility for environmental protection, which is to supervise the administration". The government’s environmental responsibility not only means that the government and its administrative departments shall not engage in their own pollution, destroying the environment, but also means the development and utilization of behavior must take positive and effective measures to control and regulate the environment. Compared with the continuous strengthening of the main responsibility of enterprises over the past 10 years, our environmental policy and law should pay more attention to the government’s environmental responsibility. Because the government fails to perform environmental responsibility of dereliction of duty, and not as environmental law not only encourages existing, more serious is the reverse incentive of law-abiding persons to produce illegal impulse. In consideration of the government in social functioning in a dominant position, stressed the government’s environmental responsibility will undoubtedly seize the environmental protection work at this stage of the bid". In recent years, the party with responsibility, a pair of "environmental protection, interviews, environmental supervision system development, greatly enriched and deep)

治霾“督企”更要“督政” [摘要]本月初,京津冀及东北地区再次遭遇重霾,环境保护部派出12个督查组赴重污染地区进行督促检查。考虑到政府在社会运转中的支配性地位,强调政府的环境责任无疑就抓住了现阶段环保工作的“牛鼻子”本月初,京津冀及东北地区再次遭遇重霾,环境保护部派出12个督查组赴重污染地区进行督促检查。督查发现,部分“高架源”企业仍在超标排放污染物,部分城市重污染天气应急预案减排措施未落实,个别“土小”企业群环境问题突出。这表明,治理雾霾不仅要“督企”,更要“督政”。毫无疑问,排污企业作为污染源的直接产生和排放者,是环境质量恶化的首要责任者,其主体责任不容否认、不可推卸。过去10多年间,我国的环保政策和立法不断强化企业的主体责任,企业的环境违法成本极大提高,彻底改变了以往企业环保违法责任疲软无力的状态。对执法者而言,“督企”的手段丰富多样。既可以对违法企业施以“上不封顶”的天价罚款,又可以对责任人进行行政拘留;既可以通过“限产停产”对企业的生产行为采取强制措施,又可以通过“查封扣押”对企业的设备、设施采取强制措施;既可以要求违法企业赔偿巨额的生态环境损失,又可以启动刑事程序惩治违法者。正是在这样的背景下,环保部以新环保法实施为契机掀起了史无前例的环保执法风暴。根据全国人大常委会执法检查组关于检查《中华人民共和国环境保护法》实施情况的报告披露的数据:2015年,各级环保部门罚款超过42.5亿元,比2014年增长34%;2015年共破获各类环境污染犯罪案件6035起,比2014年增长16%。客观来看,企业主体责任在规则层面日臻完善,唯需实践中的严格执行和落实。企业主体责任要落到实处,就必须同时强调政府的环保责任,是为“督政”。政府的环保责任不仅仅意味着政府及其行政主管部门自身不得从事污染、破坏环境的行为,更意味着必须采取积极、有效的措施控制和规范企业对环境的开发利用行为。与过去10多年间对企业主体责任的持续强化相比,我们的环保政策和法律对政府环境责任的重视还需进一步增强。因为,政府怠于履行环境责任的失职、渎职及不作为,不仅仅会纵容已有的环境违法者,更严重的是对守法者产生逆向激励,使其产生违法的冲动。考虑到政府在社会运转中的支配性地位,强调政府的环境责任无疑就抓住了现阶段环保工作的“牛鼻子”。近年来,“党政同责、一岗双责”、环保约谈、环保督查等制度的发展,大大丰富和深化了环保督政的手段和内容,更体现了环保在执政因素中日益凸显的重要性和优先性。现在,环保“督政”还处于起步阶段,还需要建立长效机制。要避免运动式“督政”,待运动结束又一切照旧;也要张弛有度,防止将督政演变成下级政府及其行政主管部门的负担,影响正常的“督企”工作。只有通过有效的“督政”,才能实现有效的“督企”;让二者实现良性互动,才能为生态文明建设提供坚实保障。《 人民日报 》( 2016年11月09日 05 版)王社坤(人民日报)相关的主题文章: